A Ship of 16th/17th century
Fluyt Dutch Cargo Vessel
A: Passanger Deck
B: Ship Stores and Supplies
A three-masted, square-rigged merchant ship of the late 16th into the 17th century, built by the Dutch to economically operate carrying the largest cargo and smallest crew possible. It had a wide, box-like hall and a very narrow, high stern. Lightly armed, they were not ideally suited for dealing with pirates and privateers or any other armed conflict.
The demensions of a Fluyt Dutch ship were length 100-110 feet overall length
with passanger or cargo deck of 80 x 20ft. and rated at 180 tons. This was determined
by the ship being able to carry 180 wine casks (tunne)* on the cargo deck.
The New York Times
The Mayflower being a ship of this type, carried 102 pilgrams to Plymouth in 1620 and the Christian was the ship used to transport the
Saltonstall group of 27 headed by Francis Stiles in 1634. Both ships are listed as being
Dutch built Fluyt type vessels. The area for passengers was approximately
1600 square feet. The average modern home runs from 1200 to 1500 square feet.
The Mayflower carried 102 passangers which allowed about a 4 x 4 area for each
passanger. Do you think you could accomadate 102 people in your home
for two months without anyone leaving the house. In the case of the Christian
there were only 27 passangers allowing an 8 x 8 area for each passanger.
Conditions aboard the Christrian were very good compared to the Mayflower
The passangers aboard the Christian came through the voyage with very little
sickness and were in good spirits when arriving in Dorchester MA. They only
remained in Dorchester for a short time, just enough to restock their
supplies and water before leaving and sailing from Cape Cod and down
the coast and up the Connecticut River.
"He that is a gauger ought to understand that there is in a tunne 60 sesters, and every sester is 4 gallons, be it wine or oil."
Published: February 2, 1921
Extracted from Newspaper Clipping
Gives the Dimensions of Pilgrams’ Ship
Admiral Bowles Finds Mayflower was 90 feet long with beam of 20 feet.
BARNSTABLE, Mass. Feb 1.—The dimensions of the Pilgrims ship Mayflower, as gleaned from records of Lloyd’s of London, were given in an address here tonight by former Rear Admiral Francis T. Bowles as “length 90 feet, beam 20 feet, depth of hold 12 to 14 feet.”
He said the figures were obtained after a personal research into Mayflower history in connection with the celebration of the tercentenary of the landing of the Pilgrims. He added that the records gave the Mayflower’s capacity as “100 tuns” which was the unit for measuring Bordeaux wine at the time the Pilgrims said.
He said that he was making further inquiries to determine the authority for the figures to determine the authority for the figures, which are regarded as important by those compiling the chronicles of the little vessel’s history voyage to Plymouth.
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